Related Posts: The Mormon concept of Heaven(s)
It is believed by Mormons (like me) that Kolob is a planet or star which was the first of God’s temporal creations (Abr. 3:9; 3:16; 3:13; 2 Fac. 1). God measures time by the revolutions of Kolob which is the “grand governing creation near to the celestial or the place where God resides” (2 Fac.1:2). Of all celestial bodies Kolob is nearest to God’s throne, or, “nigh unto the throne of God” (Abr. 3:9). One thousand years on earth is equivalent to one revolution of Kolob (Abr. 3:4).
Mormons do not believe that God lives on Kolob.
There is an LDS Hymn, If You Could Hie to Kolob. It reads,
If you could hie to Kolob in the twinkling of an eye, And then continue onward with that same speed to fly, Do you think that you cold ever, Through all eternity, Find out the generation where Gods began to be? Or see the grand beginning, Where space did not extend? Or view that last creation, Where Gods and matter end? Methinks the Spirit whispers; “No man has found ‘pure space,’ Nor seen the outside curtains, Where nothing has a place.” The works of God continue, And worlds and live abound; Improvement and progression have on eternal round. There is not end to matter; There is no end to space; There is not end to spirit; There is no end to race. (Hymn 284)
That sums up everything known about Kolob.
The 1978-79 Battlestar Galactica series contains many striking parallels with Mormon theology. (Glen Larson, the creator of the original series, is a Mormon.) In the series the fleet is trying to reach their legendary home planet of Kobol, a spin off of Kolob. (See James, E. Ford, “Battlestar Galactica and Mormon Theology,” Journal of Popular Culture, Fall 1983, pp. 83-87.)
The music to the Hymn If You Could Hie to Kolob was adapted from the Hymn I Heard the Voice of Jesus Say arranged by Vaughan Williams. Listen to an excerpt from If You Could Hie to Kolob here. Listen to the original Vaughan Williams arrangement with original lyrics here.
The picture above is believed to be a representation of an Egyptian cosmology, with Kolob at the center. The Book of Abraham gives us the following information.
The central figure at the bottom (1) represents “Kolob, signifying the first creation, nearest to the celestial, or the residence of God. First in government, the last pertaining to the measurement of time. The measurement according to celestial time, which celestial time signifies one day to a cubit. One day in Kolob is equal to a thousand years according to the measurement of this earth, which is called by the Egyptians Jah-oh-eh.”
The central figure on the top (2) represents another star “called by the Egyptians Oliblish, which is the next grand governing creation near to the celestial or the place where God resides; holding the key of power also, pertaining to other planets; as revealed from God to Abraham, as he offered sacrifice upon an altar, which he had built unto the Lord.” (More here.)